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AURANGABAD JALSTROT BACHAV ABHIYAN (Aurangabad Water Resources Conservation Mission)

Aurangabad is a big historical city. It is famous through out the world because of Ajanta, Ellora caves and historical monuments like Bibi-ka-Mkhbra (replica of Taj Mahal), Panchakki-nahar (ancient water carriage system). Aurangabad city was developed by Malik Amber. It was designed nicely by considering the safety and beauty. From safety point of view. a city wall and 52 gates were constructed in the city. For increasing the beauty of city and fulfilling the water requirement Nahar-e- Amberi System ( hydraulic water carriage system) was developed. There are 12 Nahres in Aurangabad and they supply drinkable water to different parts of city. A few Nahar supply water to the lakes of city like Salim Ali Lake, Lotus Lake (Amkhas or town hall lake), Nehru Lake, Himayat Bag lake, Harsool lake. Imagine the beauty of the city due to the lakes. Hence due to these reasons, tourists are attracted towards Aurangabad. But due to the careless development of city, all the historical Nahars (hydraulic ancient water carriage system) are in danger and some of them have now broken. Also various Lakes, Kham river and Sukhna river are in the same critical condition. They are highly polluted. Lake like Kamal Talab (Lotus or town hall ) is totally demolished, In Salim Ali lake, biodiversity is in danger due to discharge of sewerage water in to it. There is a huge deposition of silt in Himyat Bag Lake. All these nahars, lakes and the river needs help, so that they can exist for long time to maintain the Ecology. Hence ECO NEEDS FOUNDATION has come forward to conserve the Aurangabad water resources by launching “Aurangabad Jalstrot Bachav Abhiyan”.

 

Introduction to Nahar-e-Ambari

 

In the hydraulic history of Aurangabad, the system of canals was introduced by Malik Amber in 1617 A.D. Aurangabad township had to face the problem of scarcity of water and there were no big dams or water reservoirs in the vicinity. Personalities like Malik Amber, Shah Mehmood of Panchakki and Shah Ali Nehri were founders, designers and planners of those three famous, novel and useful aqueduct systems for the supply of water to the city. Irrespective of the prolonged span of 350 years the systems were stil1 functioning. The inhabitants of Aurangabad were being benefited by this water supply system for 350 years regularly without any tax. The construction of these canals started from the oldest era of Malik Ambar and after the age of Aurangzeb also. The old water supply system is the reminiscent of medieval period. The city of Aurangabad was having a number of Nahars of pure mineral subterranean drinking water. This practice of construction of such aqueducts continued from the period of Malik Ambar (1617) up to the time of Aurangzeb and Asif Jah (1803) for a period of about two centuries. The canals were also constructed one after another by the local kingdoms or by the richest people. The names of these canals are all related to the names of their builders.


Malik Ambar was the commander of the Nizam Shahi Kings and Subedar of Daultabad. He was a dynamic commander and a great engineer. His system of water supply is first of its kind and also the last. In the year 1604, he made “Khadki” (present Aurangabad) as his head-quarter and named it as Fateh Nagar. He introduced the system of water supply for the public utility, and this well organized system is known as Nahar-¬e-Ambari. Malik Amber in 1617 A.D., discovered subterranean water table of mountainous elevated valleys in north of Aurangabad. He practically manipulated and procured a stable perennial water supply for a population of 2 lakhs of people by constructing unique wonderful aqueduct by name KHAIR – E- JARI. On the high lands around the city from North, East and South wherever the circumstances allowed the engineers of the period brought down Nahars in Aurangabad city. During the military activities Malik Ambar discovered the Kham river valley and its large natural basin of about 150 sq. miles over head of a well planned and layout city. Malik Amber has designed the construction of the aqueduct like that of Nahare Zubeda in a very simple


appearance and natural way underneath the river bed of Sawangi and Kham river which has got number of man holes over head called Abgir Nali up to Gaimukh. An earthen dam was constructed on the river Kham on the north of Aurangabad city.
In 1636, when Aurangzeb was appointed as the subhedar of Deccan, he made Fateh Nagar as his capital and named it as Aurangabad. When he became the emperor of the Mughal Empire, he declared Aurangabad as the capital of the Mughal Empire. Owing to this reason the population grew faster and acute scarcity of water was felt. In order to supply water to the growing population he extended the system of water supply of Ambari and new canals were also dug. It is described that at the peak of Aurangazeb’s reign the population of Aurangabad was about two lakhs.


Besides nahar-e-Ambari there were 12 (twelve) canals which were sufficient to supply ample water to the town, some of them are still functioning properly and rest of then can become permanent source of supplying water after the minor repairs.

Nahar – e – Palsi Nahar – e – Koila
Nahar – e – Nasarullah Nahar – e – Durga – Shab Ali Nahri
Nahar – e – Pan-chakki Nahar – e – Chausar
Nahar – e – LalMahal Nahar – e – Darga Hazrat Shab Noor Hashmi
Nahar – e – Kiradpura Nahar – e – Begampura
Nahar – e – Garkheda

 

World Water Day 2013 :-

On the occassion of World Water Day 2013 Cleanning of  Nahar-e-Palsi carried by Eco Needs Foundation Members  and Also awarness about Nahar System done at Nahar-e- Panchakki.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Salim Ali Lake :

 

Salim Ali Lake is the biggest lake situated in the heart of the Aurangabad city but due to discharge of  3 MLD domestic waste water into the lake silt deposition takes place thereby reducing its depth. It also resulted in degradation of water quality thus in turn adversely affected the health of people living in surrounding locality.After this Foundation take a initiative to protect the Salim Ali Lake.

 

 

Singnature Campan for lake protection:

 


 Human Chain & Jal Pujan :-

 

 

 

 

 Nehru Lake :

This lake is situated at CIDCO N-8 ,Aurangabad due to deposition of garbage , Loard Ganesha statues during Ganesh festival lake was highly polluted in this situation foundation take a initative for removing all garbage and waste matter from lake after wards minicipal carporation also partcipated than lake was rejunated.

 

  

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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